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Ministerio de Educacion, Cultura y Deporte, Centro Nacional de Innovación e Investigación Educativa - Subdirección General de Cooperación Territorial (CNIIE)

The legal framework for school leaders in Spain depends both on national and regional legislation (an Act on Education, regional decrees and ordinances) to ensure a common standard and adjustment to the particularities of the different autonomous communities. However, two autonomous cities depend directly from the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. Head teachers of pre-primary, primary, secondary or tertiary non-university education institutions are practicing teachers with a minimum of five years of teacher experience and are selected through a public competition. Professional development of head teachers depends on regional teacher training units, although the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport also offer leadership programmes yearly.